The Online Conference for Music Therapy
2015 Conference: Interconnectivity in Music Therapy
Wendy Magee, PhD: Therapeutic Applications of Music Technologies Across the Life Span: Expanding the Boundaries of Practice and Research
Technology, in the broader sense, has been used in music therapy since the profession’s development during the latter half of the 20th century. However, in the last decade alone society has seen the development of hand held devices, such as MP3 players, smart phones and tablets. All of these devices have revolutionized the way society at large interacts with and depends upon digital technologies, particularly in regards to music listening, music storage, music creation and music performance. The music therapy profession has struggled to respond to this exponential rate of technological developments as the training resources for applying technologies therapeutically have been lacking.
Drawing from my recent book on this topic, I will summarize some key issues stemming from a number of research projects that have explored music therapy practice using a range of technologies. Illustrating indications for the use of technology with clinical examples, I will also discuss some of the contraindications for using these tools. The presentation will include information about widely accessible resources for music technology in music therapy for practitioners wishing to explore more its application with people with complex needs.
- Participants will be able to state three indicators for using technology in music therapy (CBMT Scope of Practice: I. C. 8. 10. 12; IV. A. 7);
- Participants will be able to identify 3 future directions for research concerning digital and electronic music technologies in music therapy (CBMT Scope of Practice: I. C. 8. 10. 12; IV. A. 7).
About Wendy Magee, PhD:
Wendy L. Magee PhD is Associate Professor of Music Therapy at Temple University, Philadelphia. Before this, she worked in neuropalliative rehabilitation for nearly 25 years as a music therapy clinician, researcher, manager and trainer. Based at the Royal Hospital for Neuro-disability in London between 1990-2011 she worked with adults with acquired and complex neuro-disabilities, including a post-doctoral fellowship in Music Therapy (2004-2011). During this time, she began research into the use of music technology in music therapy, culminating in a Leverhulme Fellowship held at Berklee College of Music, Boston, MA. Her recent book, Music Technology in Therapeutic and Health Settings stems from her collaboration with Berklee. Dr. Magee has recently won grants to further her research into music technology in therapeutic contexts and also into assessment tools for people in disorders of consciousness.
Dr. Michael H. Thaut, PhD: Neurologic Music Therapy
Dr. Thaut is an international leader in the neuroscience of music. His internationally recognized research in brain function and music focuses on temporal information processing in the brain related to rhythmicity and biomedical applications of music to neurologic rehabilitation of cognitive and motor function. His discoveries how auditory rhythm entrains motor and cognitive functions have led to landmark changes how music has become recognized as a language of brain rehabilitation. He and his team are the originators of the clinical system of Neurologic Music Therapy which is the only evidence based form of music therapy, applied world- wide in neurorehabilitation, and endorsed by the World Federation of Neurorehabilitation. New research directions focus on furthering the role of music in cognitive rehabilitation and pathway and complexity studies into the effects of rhythm on basal ganglia and cerebellar function to extend our mechanism understanding of auditory neuroscience in brain rehabilitation.
Dr. Thaut received the National Research Award in 1993 and the National Service Award in 2001 from the American Music Therapy Association. He has over 140 scientific publications and has authored and coauthored 4 books. His works have appeared in German, Japanese, Korean, Italian, and Spanish language. Popular TV media and numerous print media have featured his research nationally and internationally. He is an elected member and former treasurer of the World Academy of Multidisciplinary Neurotraumatology, a member of the management council of the World Federation of Neurologic Rehabilitation, and serves as Vice President of the International Society for Music and Medicine. He was elected in 2007 as President of the International Society for Clinical Neuromusicology.
As a former professional violinist in the classic and folk genre he has recorded several LPs/CDs of chamber and folk music in the US and Germany and has toured in Europe extensively. He is also the author of a landmark anthology of European and North American folk fiddle music that has been in print since 1982. In 1995 his group ‘Folk Chamber Ensemble ‘ played 3 invited concerts at the Northwest German Summer Music Festival entitled ‘Folk Meets Classic’. He continues to perform in small chamber and folk ensembles as time permits.
A. Blythe LaGasse, PhD, MT-BC: Considerations and Techniques for Working with People on the Autism Spectrum
Current research indicates that children with Autism Spectrum Disorder have neurological differences that may underlie core characteristics. We will briefly review the evidence in ASD and discuss implications in clinical practice. Music therapy techniques and accommodations will be discussed in terms of how they may impact cognitive, sensorimotor, or speech tasks.
- Participants will be able to identify at least three cortical differences that have been found in autism and how these differences would impact functioning (CBMT Scope of Practice I. C. 2. A; IV. A. 2)
- Participants will be able to identify at least two techniques for working with persons with ASD. (CBMT Scope of Practice I. A. 5)
About A. Blythe LaGasse, Ph.D., MT-BC
Blythe LaGasse is the owner of Summit Music Therapy Services, a private practice that specializes in online continuing education and services for persons who have autism. She has over 12 years experience providing music therapy services to children. Blythe also the Coordinator of Music Therapy at Colorado State University.
Concurrent Session Speakers
Alisa Apreleva, M.A., MT-BC: Music Therapy in Russia: History, Current Practices, and Perspectives
Currently in Russia music therapy is not commonly offered among services in social rehabilitation, hospitals, orphanages, hospices, schools or assisted living facilities, there are no standards for music therapy profession, and no degree training program is in effect. Nevertheless, there is a wide spectrum of specialists and organizations using music for therapeutic work with various populations, as well as keen interest in theoretical and practical matters of music therapy. This presentation is focused on overview of therapeutic music practices, national and cultural specifics of therapeutic use of music, and perspectives for standardized music therapy education in Russia.
- Participants will learn about organizations in Russia currently offering therapeutic applications of music in education, medical and rehabilitation settings, including orphanages and institutions.
- Participants will understand national and cultural specifics of music therapy development in Russia.
- Participants will learn about perspectives for standardized music therapy education in Russia.
About the Presenter:
The presenter, Alisa Apreleva (legal name: Tatiana Kolomeytseva), MA, MT-BC, is a Russian-born music therapist, who practices and teaches both in the US and Russia. She is a clinical training supervisor at Berklee College of Music (Boston, USA) and a founder of Muzterapevt.Ru – nonprofit educational initiative to advocate for evidence-based music therapy in Russia.
Amy Clements-Cortes, PhD, MT-BC, Music Therapist Accredited, Fellow of the Association for Music and Imagery; Heidi Ahonen, PhD, Music Therapist Accredited, Fellow of the Association for Music and Imagery; Morris Freedman, MD, Lee Bartel, PhD: Good Vibrations: Sound Stimulation, Rhythmic Sensory Stimulation and Alzheimer’s Disease
Contemporary science offers new perspectives for using sound stimulation in working with persons diagnosed with Alzheimer’s (AD). High ultrasound frequencies have been a part of modern healthcare for many years but only recently are low sound frequencies being implemented in western medical science.. This presentation provides background information on the use of sound stimulation with AD alongside an outline of the concept of rhythmic sensory stimulation (RSS). An RSS pilot study which is looking at persons with AD at three stages will be presented with an overview of the methodology, data collection and analysis, preliminary results and case examples.
- To review the literature on Sound Stimulation for AD
- To learn about Sound and Music as Rhythmic Stimulation of the Auditory or Somato-Sensory System
- To learn about Sound and Music as the User of Cognitive Processing Channels.
- To learn about the Rhythmic Sensory Stimulation and AD Pilot Study
- To understand the importance of sound stimulation in working with persons diagnosed with AD.
About the Presenters:
Amy Clements-Cortes, PhD, MT-BC, Music Therapist Accredited, Fellow of the Association for Music and Imagery, is Assistant Professor, Music and Health Research Collaboratory, University of Toronto; music therapy instructor and graduate supervisor at Wilfrid Laurier University; Senior Music Therapist/Practice Advisor, Baycrest, Toronto; President WFMT, Past-President CAMT; and Managing Editor, Music and Medicine Journal.
Heidi Ahonen, PhD, Music Therapist Accredited, Fellow of the Association for Music and Imagery, Director of the Conrad Institute for Music Therapy Research; Professor, Wilfrid Laurier University.
Morris Freedman, MD, Head, Division of Neurology, Executive Medical Director of the Centre for Memory and Neurotherapeutics, and Medical Director, Sam and Ida Ross Memory Clinic, Baycrest; Professor, Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto.
Lee Bartel, PhD, Professor of Music, Associate Dean-Research, Acting Director of Music and Health Research Collaboratory, University of Toronto.
Anita L. Gadberry, PhD, MT-BC, David L. Gadberry, PhD: Need some novelty? Favorite instruments and props to spice up your sessions!
Becoming bored with your current arsenal of materials? Are your sessions stagnant? Infuse energy into your sessions with novel instruments and objects. If you are having fun, your clients will as well! See and discover novel props, instruments, and resources to engage clients of all ages. Presenters will demonstrate their favorite additions to sessions and show how they use them to gain and maintain client’s attention while working on treatment goals. Be sure to have a paper bag and a set of medium sized spoons available so you can join in the fun!
From CBMT Scope of Practice:
- Treatment Planning
- Create environment or space conducive to client engagement.
- Consider client’s age, culture, music background, and preferences when designing music therapy experiences.
- Create music therapy experiences that address client goals and objectives.
- Select and adapt musical instruments and equipment consistent with treatment needs.
- Select and prepare non-music materials consistent with music therapy goals and clients’ learning styles (e.g., adaptive devices, visual aids).
About the Presenters:
David L. Gadberry holds a Ph.D. in Music Education from the University of Kansas, and he has earned certification in both Kodály and Orff-Schulwerk. He teaches at Marywood University and frequently presents workshops at music therapy, music education, and special education conferences at the regional and national levels.
Anita L. Gadberry is the Director of Music Therapy at Marywood University in Scranton, PA. She also promotes global music therapy connections as the North American Regional Liaison for the World Federation of Music Therapy.
Blythe LaGasse, PhD, MT-BC: Facilitating Cognitive Outcomes in Children: Current Research and Clinical Techniques
Cognitive skills are often included in the treatment plan of children. We will look at the use of music therapy techniques for outcomes in attention control, executive function, and body control. This presentation will include current research and Neurologic Music Therapy techniques.
- Attendees will learn ways to address cognitive skills in children
- Attendees will learn how to apply NMT techniques to child populations
About the Presenter:
Dr. Blythe LaGasse is Associate Professor and Coordinator of Music Therapy at Colorado State University. She is also owner of Summit Music Therapy Services and Music Therapy & Neuro Ed.
Annette Whitehead-Pleaux, MA, MT-BC, Leah Oswanski, MA, LPC, MT-BC, Xueli Tan, MM, MT-BC, Spencer Hardy, MT-BC: Serving the LGBTQ Community: Exploring Attitudes and Education Within the Music Therapy Profession
This presentation provides an overview of preliminary data from an international 2012 study exploring music therapists’ attitudes regarding the LGBTQ community. Analysis of the results, both qualitative and quantitative, will be presented as well as an overview of LGBTQ best practices in the United States. This research applies not only to daily clinical practice, but also has implications for educational needs of our students and continuing educational needs of our professionals.
- Participants will gain greater understanding of music therapists’ attitudes and beliefs about the LGBTQ community.
- Understand music therapy LGBTQ best practices.
- Learn ways to advocate for members of LGBTQ community.
- Provide opportunities to discuss LGBTQ best practice.
About the Presenters:
Annette Whitehead-Pleaux, MA, MT-BC works with pediatric burn survivors at Shriners Hospitals for Children-Boston. She has been an advocate for LGBTQ civil rights and volunteered with queer youth.
Leah Oswanski, MA, LPC, MT-BC is a Licensed Professional Counselor in New Jersey, Board Certified Music Therapist, and professional musician. She has been a clinician for 13 years, andhas been the Coordinator of Music Therapy at the Carol G. Simon Cancer Center at Morristown Medical Center since 2002
Xueli Tan, MM, MT-BC is a presidential fellow at the University of Iowa, with joint appointments as a teaching/research assistant. Her experience includes working with the burn population, oncology patients, and people with developmental disabilities.
Spencer Hardy is a Board Certified Music Therapist. He attended Berklee College of Music in Boston, MA where he received his Bachelor of Music in Music Therapy in 2008. He now co-owns his own music therapy business, Rainbow Music Therapy Services, in the San Francisco Bay Area working with children, teens, and young adults with special needs.
Heidi Lengel, MMT, MT-BC, CD(SBD), Kate Taylor, MAMT, MT-BC, Birth Doula: Connecting the Dots: Laying Foundations for Perinatal MT Practices through Peer Supervision
Music therapy assisted childbirth is a rapidly developing and innovative specialty area. This positive growth stimulates a need for clinical competency examination, monitoring, and supervision. Two experienced perinatal music therapists will discuss how peer supervision has helped assess current clinical and ethical issues by identifying areas of personal and professional development. A foundation for best practices in perinatal music therapy was developed throughout this process. Music therapists of all experience levels will learn more about perinatal MT clinical practice through an examination of musical, artistic, written, and oral peer supervision results in this creative arts based presentation.
- Identify ways in which peer supervision can improve, develop, and sustain a specialized music therapy private practice.
- Discover how peer supervision enhances personal and professional growth.
- Understand the the role of music and music therapy in pre and perinatal preparation, birth and postpartum periods.
- Define and develop ethical and professional competency skills in current and future perinatal music therapy practice.
About the Presenters:
Heidi Lengel, MMT, MT-BC, CD(SBD) is a professional birth support specialist who focuses in music therapy assisted childbirth as well as perinatal bereavement. She is a seasoned music therapist, certified birth & bereavement doula, passionate perinatal mental health advocate, and loves supporting families throughout seasons of life and loss.
Kate Taylor, MAMT, MT-BC, Doula, specializes in music therapy assisted childbirth and creative arts for birth preparation. Kate attends home and hospital births where she provides a labor support model which integrates nearly fifteen years of clinical and educational experience in creative arts, guided imagery, hospice and neurologic music therapy.
Judith Pinkerton, MT-BC/L, Barbara Reuer, PhD, MT-BC/L, Rae Sirott, LCSW,MT-BC/L, Becky Wellman, PhD, MT-BC/L, DT: The Effects of Mood Sequence Formulas™ in Adult Clients
The debilitating effects of problematic moods on music therapy clients undermine a desire for positive life connections. Music 4 Life® Music Medicine Practitioners will share case studies to illuminate the effectiveness of Mood Sequence Formulas™ within music therapy sessions working with anger, anxiety, loss, and depression.
- Participants will be able to identify at least two of the basic tenants of a Mood Sequence Formula™.
- Participants will be able to identify at least three problematic moods where a Mood Sequence Formula™ would be effective.
About the Presenters:
Judith Pinkerton, MT-BC/L developed Music 4 Life’s Music Medicine protocol and trains music therapists as Practitioners in the protocol, with past experience as clinic director, researcher, author, recording artist, and TEDx speaker.
Barbara Reuer, PhD, MT-BC/L internationally known for her expertise in music-centered wellness and music therapy, is Founder/CEO of MusicWorx, Inc. and Resounding Joy, Inc. Dr. X has served as President of NAMT and is recipient of AMTA’s Lifetime Achievement Award.
Rae Sirott, LCSW,MT-BC/L specializes in healthy aging, caregiver stress & Music Wellness. She studied Music Therapy at Texas Woman’s University, augmenting her BS with an MSW from Widener University. She is excited by her involvement with M4L and internet music wellness platforms.
Becky Wellman, PhD, MT-BC/L, DT owns Wellman Therapy services, is a Music 4 Life Music Medicine Practitioner, and is an adjunct professor of Human Services at Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana and Music Therapy at Indiana University Purdue University-Indianapolis.
Krzysztof Stachyra, PhD, MT-BC: The status of music therapy in Poland
Music therapy is becoming increasingly popular in Poland. In spite of over 40 years of music therapy development in Poland there is still much to do. We, as countries and regions where music therapy is not yet well established, are struggling with various questions and problems. This presentation will illustrate the brief history of music therapy development in Poland and also show the new perspectives that appeared in last years. It is connected to the system of professionalization that was developed a few years ago and now is implemented into music therapy structures in Poland. This could be an inspiration for other countries at an analogous stage of development.
The objectives are to get to know:
- history of music therapy development in Poland
- brief description of Polish music therapy method: the Mobile Music Recreation
- the system of balanced music therapy development that is implemented in Poland last years and the future perspectives as a result of this.
About the Presenter:
Krzysztof Stachyra, PhD, MT-BC, a music therapist and a music teacher. Director of Postgraduate Music Therapy Study Program and assistant professor at The Department of Music Therapy and Music Education at Music Faculty of Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Lublin, Poland. President of the Polish Music Therapists Association and also the Polish Association for Therapy Through Arts. Co-founder of Art Therapy Center, Lublin, Poland. A member of Commission on Education and Training World Federation of Music Therapy. Editor-in-Chief for “Therapy Through Arts” journal and Co-editor for Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy and associate editor for Journal of Biomusical Engineering. He teaches music therapy at a few universities in Poland and University of Zagreb, Croatia. Dr. Krzysztof Stachyra has over 15 years of experience in working in music therapy with children, youth and adults with different disabilities – mentally handicapped, autism, psychiatric disorders, as well as preventive and developmental activities carried out with healthy people.
Michelle Westfall, MS, MT-BC: Music Therapy to Reduce Anxiety and Stress for Individuals with Dementia
The purpose of this presentation is to provide a theoretical basis for the use of music therapy to reduce anxiety and stress for individuals who have dementia. The first part includes descriptions of the mechanisms of stress, anxiety and agitation as they relate to dementia. Both neuroscience applications and person-centered perspectives are included to describe an overall treatment approach to helping adults with dementia reduce the symptoms associated with stress. Case study examples from the presenter’s experience will be included.
- Understand terminology commonly presented in the related literature, including dementia, stress, anxiety, and agitation.
- Review the present research on music therapy as a treatment modality for individuals with dementia.
- Develop an integrated understanding of the polyvagal theory and its application to music therapy practice within a person-centered approach.
About the Presenter:
Michelle Westfall, MS, MT-BC has practiced music therapy for five years with children and adolescents with developmental, emotional, and behavioral disabilities. She completed her undergraduate degree at Berklee College of Music in 2007. While pursuing her master’s degree at Radford University, she volunteered for a community program for older adults with dementia, which is where she became inspired to complete a case study and theoretical paper for her graduate clinical project.
Natalie Jack, Registered Music Therapist: Your Supervision Journey: How to use supervision to enhance your professional life
Join experienced Registered Music Therapist and supervisor Natalie Jack on a journey through the ups and downs of life as a professional music therapist. Using an engaging clinical story, this presentation will help you learn about how clinical professional supervision can reduce stress, contribute to your longevity in the field and help make you the best practitioner you can be. This presentation will cover the basics of how to find, choose, pay for and utilise supervision to achieve your professional goals, through to advanced ideas on how the supervisory relationship can support you through times of professional crisis.
Participants will have the opportunity to:
- learn about the basics of supervision and why it is important
- consider their own self-care and learning needs as professionals
- reflect on how they are supported in their careers and how they may support others
About the Presenter:
Natalie is an Australian Registered Music Therapist working clinically in forensic mental health. She is passionate about ethics in practice, supervision and professional service. She is the owner of Music Therapy Bento, a small business providing clinical professional supervision services to music therapists and all health and helping professionals.
Verena Clemencic-Jones, Registered Music Therapist; Matt Ralph, Registered Music Therapist: An Interconnected Life: To Technology and Beyond in Pediatric Music Therapy
Music therapy has become an integral psychosocial intervention in pediatric hospitals worldwide, enabling patients and their families to build resilience via a range of creative activities and coping strategies. Case vignettes, with audio/video recordings, will demonstrate the integration of traditional music therapy techniques, digital technologies, and other creative interventions to achieve therapeutic goals and objectives.
We will discuss the successes and challenges of:
(a) utilising mass-produced electronic technologies as a creative form of self-expression, and (b) promoting a sense of connection and interconnectivity via technology, in pediatric music therapy practice.
- Participants will be able to identify at least three ways to combine multimodal therapeutic techniques and digital technology for treatment purposes in a pediatric setting (CBMT Scope of Practice: I. C. 10. 11. 12).
- Participants will be able to identify at least three specific methods of encouraging active engagement with longterm pediatric patients (CBMT Scope of Practice: II. A. c. i. n. o. s. w.).
- Participants will be able to name at least three ways of engaging in professional development through global interconnectivity (CBMT Scope of Practice: IV. A. 2. 3. 4. 7.)
About the Presenters:
Verena Clemencic-Jones, Registered Music Therapist established the REDKITE Music Therapy Program at the Kids Cancer Centre, Sydney Children’s Hospital in 1999. She currently shares the position with Matt Ralph, Registered Music Therapist. In 2013, Verena conducted a 12-week pilot music therapy program on the burns and oncology wards of Kanti Children’s Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Angel Leung, MM, MT-BC, Music Therapist Accredited; Pan Ho, MT-BC, Music Therapist Accredited: When East Meets West: Advocating Music Therapy in a New Territory
Relocating music therapy practice can be both exciting and nerve wrecking. Do you have what you need to successfully establish your practice? This presentation will help you identify the core elements of beginning your new music therapy journey in the new territory, including advocating the profession accurately and effectively, understanding the potential market and foreseeing possible challenges. Presenters will share personal experience on establishing their own practice throughout the relocating process. Participants are encouraged to share their own experience as well.
- Participants will identify at least two areas for professional growth and at least one professional goal (CBMT Scope of Practice: IV.A.1.)
- Participants will identify at least two ways to establish and/or expand their practice (CBMT Scope of Practice: IV.B.3, 13)
About the Presenters:
Angel Leung is a board-certified music therapist (USA), an accredited music therapist (Canada) and a Neurologic Music Therapist (NMT). Angel is a frequent speaker in various conferences about her expertise in international music therapy issues. She was the clinical supervisor at Western Michigan University, and currently works with various populations and settings in Hong Kong.
Pan Ho is a board-certified music therapist (U.S.) and an accredited music therapist (Canada). He currently practices music therapy in Hong Kong and was the Training Coordinator at the Institute for Therapy through the Arts, a not-for-profit organization that provides creative arts therapy, in Chicago, Illinois. He works with various populations and settings.
Dora Psaltopoulou-Kamini, PhD, Certified Music Therapist: Aphonic Voice of the autistic: discovery and growth in Music Therapy
Phonic and aphonic “Voice” (Lemoine, 1977) begin with the primal cry as a call seeking response. The aphonic cry (of the autistic) stands for a cry with or without any sound, which is not addressed to anyone. In the music therapy lingual relationship the therapist listens and responds to the aphonic cry of the autistic discovering the person’s aphonic “Voice” (Voice with capital V stands for the inner healthy reality of the client) assisting the person to reach an asymptomatic-healthy state of being, called the “FA-fonie” (FA-voice). Exerpts from case studies illustrate the topic.
- Learn how to understand and respond to a phonic or aphonic cry.
- Learn how to understand the structure of the autistic’s inner self and the role that the music therapist can play to address the subject’s inner truth.
- Understand the different roles of music for the autistic person in three modalities: piano lessons, individual music therapy, community music therapy.
- Understand how to help the autistic person to enter the symbolic order through music.
About the Presenter:
Dr. Dora Psaltopoulou-Kamini is lecturer at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki-Greece (A.U.Th-GR). She is certified music therapist CMT (AMTA), holds a Ph.D (A.U.Th-GR) and a MA (NYU, NY-USA). She has completed her psychoanalytic training in Freudian, Lacanian approach. Since 1992, she has pioneered Music Therapy in Greece, and founded the Music Therapy Center of Thessaloniki (http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/un-dpadm/unpan048664.pdf ). Her clinical work includes neurosis, psychosis, and autism. Since 1996, she has been a primary trainer and administrator at her private master’s level Music Therapy training program.
She is a research assistant at the Adolescent Unit of the 3rd Psychiatric Clinic (University Hospital AHEPA) and at the Institution of Chronic Diseases (Trikala). She organizes conferences and seminars, presents her work in national and international congresses. Her work is published at scientific reviews. People with disabilities and community music therapy are her main research interests. She is founding and professional member at relevant associations.
MMag. Barbara Schnetzinger: Music education and music therapy: Contact surfaces and boundaries
The thesis “Music education and music therapy. Contact surfaces and boundaries.”, that was released at the MDW 2010, discusses the similarities and differences of music education and music therapy. For the first time the Austrian Music Therapy Act was used for scientific research and thereby clarity is given for all people employed in these two professional fields.
- Which common and different aspects can be seen in the legal foundations of music education and music therapy?
- Which role do the two fields music education and music therapy play in the Austrian educational and social system?
- What similarities and differences can be seen in music education and music therapy practice?
About the Presenter:
MMag. Barbara Schnetzinger studied music therapy and instrumental education (flute) in Austria (University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna). In her thesis she worked on the topic “Music education and music therapy. Contact surfaces and boundaries.” She is currently studying human medicine at the Medical University of Vienna.